Managing Alternative Pollinators
A Handbook for Beekeepers, Growers and Conservationists
SARE Handbook 11
For Beekeepers: Detailed information on each alternative pollinator's biology and susceptibility to disease, pests and chemicals, as well as step-by-step instructions on how to rear and manage alternative pollinators.
For Growers: Guidance for understanding the business of pollination, matching pollinators to crops, and deciding how best to pollinate for successful agricultural production and pollinator protection.
For Conservationists: Easy-to-understand accounts of the honey bee's plight, the business of pollination, and what can be done to protect pollinators and our food systems.
The book features 130+ color photos, 10 chapters, 7 appendices, nest construction details, parasite and disease management guidelines and a sample contract. Includes a bibliography and list of additional resources.
This book was produced with support from the US Department of Agriculture's Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education program. For more information about SARE, visit www.sare.org. Or, to download a description of SARE, click here.
For ordering and price information, click here.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. The Business of Pollination
Chapter 2. The Status of the European Honey Bee in the U.S.
Chapter 3. A Brief Natural History of Bees
Chapter 4. Pollination Botany
Chapter 5. Bumble Bees
Chapter 6. Mason Bees
Chapter 7. The Alfalfa Leafcutter Bee
Chapter 8. Other Managed Pollinators
Chapter 9. The Search for New Managed Pollinators
Chapter 10. Habitat Conservation for Native Pollinators
Appendix A. Managing Parasites and Disease in Solitary Bee Operations
Appendix B. X-Ray Procedures for Cavity Nesting Bees
Appendix C. Plants for Bee Ranching
Appendix D. Reducing Bee Poisoning from Pesticides
Appendix E. Hybrid Nest Blocks for Cavity Nesting Bees
Appendix F. Nest Material Comparison for Leafcutter and Mason Bees
Appendix G. IPM for Beekeepers
Appendix H. Additional Resources
Pollination Costs for Various Bee Species
Managed Bees of Major Commercial Crops
Bumble Bee Pests and Parasites
Mason Bee Management Timeline for Northern States
Leafcutter Management Timeline for Alfalfa Pollination in
the Northern States.
Leafcutter Management Timeline for Alfalfa Pollination in the Northern States.
Identifying Cavity-Nestting Bees by Nest Construction
Some Native Perrennials for Attracting Wild Pollinators
Plants that are Suitable for Large-Scale Bee Ranching
Agricultural Chemicals Highly Toxic to Bees
Agricultural Chemicals Moderately Toxic to Bees
Agricultural Chemicals with Low Toxicity to Bees
Nest Material Comparison for Leafcutter and Mason Bees
Eric Mader, Pollinator Outreach Coordinator, The Xerces Society Pollinator Conservation Program
Marla Spivak, Professor of Entomology, University of Minnesota
Elaine Evans, Author, Befriending Bumble Bees
With a forward by Mace Vaughan, Conservation Director, The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation
Knowledge of how to rear alternative pollinators, including leafcutter bees, mason bees and bumble bees for pollination
Appreciation of the importance of rearing only local pollinators to avoid movement of species outside their native ranges
Understand the critical use of sanitary practices to discourage the development and spread of diseases and parasites.
Ability to directly improve the quality of our food supply and aesthetics of our landscapes through pollination of fruits, nuts, vegetables and flowers
Positively impact biodiversity and ecological services in our environment
Understand the broad ecological issues affecting both managed and wild pollinators, and how to implement conservation practices to support them.