Pumpkin Production Guide

Publication Number: NRAES-123
Cost: $39.00
Length: 152 pages
Published: 2003
ISBN: 0-935817-83-2
Authors: Dale Ila Miles Riggs, Paul D. Curtis, Kathryne L. Everts, Roberta J. Glatz, Stephen E. Hadcock, Michael P. Hoffmann, John C. Howell, Charles A. McClurg, Margaret Tuttle McGrath, Roger D. Morse, Stephen Reiners, Richard W. Robinson, Robert (Bob) Rouse, H.

The Pumpkin Production Guide, published in June 2003, is a must-have for both new and experienced pumpkin growers, serious gardeners, and agricultural advisors. The 152-page guide covers the basics of pumpkin production and cutting-edge research. Twelve chapters offer practical information for preparing the field, evaluating varieties, and choosing the best cultural practices; groundbreaking insight into fruit set and pollination to help growers maximize yields; descriptions for identifying and controlling weeds, insects, diseases, and wildlife pests; ways to maintain postharvest quality; and sample budgets and marketing ideas. Over 115 color photos supplement the text. (2003)

Pumpkin Production Guide Has It All

Whether you already experience the fruits of growing pumpkins or are considering entering the pumpkin-growing business, the new Pumpkin Production Guide is a must-have. Covering both the basics of pumpkin production and the most cutting-edge research available, this guide has it all.

Prior to 1990, little research was done on pumpkin production. Since then, a dedicated team of crop consultants, extension educators, and researchers -- committed to soliciting input from growers and meeting growers' needs -- has worked to fill the research void by developing new pumpkin varieties, defining new cultural practices, examining ways to maximize fruit set, and exploring new pest-control methods. The results of this important research and useful grower observations are laid out in the Pumpkin Production Guide -- a highly practical, easy-to-read book published in June 2003. The guide will be useful to both new and experienced pumpkin growers, serious home gardeners, and agricultural advisors.

The 152-page Pumpkin Production Guide will familiarize growers with all aspects of pumpkin production. It starts by documenting the rich history and botanical basis of pumpkin production. It goes on to provide practical information to help growers prepare the field, manage crop nutrients, and evaluate varietal selections. A chapter on cultural practices gives growers "food for thought" on the different ways to produce pumpkins. The fruit set and pollination chapter is truly groundbreaking, with insight into how growers can influence these processes to attain the highest yields.

Several chapters on pest control emphasize the importance of accurate identification as the first step in using integrated pest management (IPM) to economically control weeds, insects, diseases, and wildlife pests. Finally, a beautiful pumpkin crop is worth little if it is not harvested and stored properly and marketed at a price that returns a profit to the grower. The last three chapters cover these critical considerations by presenting the six most important concepts for maintaining postharvest quality, sample budgets, marketing tips, and more.

Other features of the Pumpkin Production Guide include:

* 116 color photos
* over 20 illustrations
* key to disease identification
* equations for calculating nutrient requirements, yield, pricing, and more
* glossary of key terms

The Pumpkin Production Guide was edited by Dale Ila Miles Riggs, an experienced fruit and vegetable farmer and crop consultant at Stone Wall Hill Farm, LLC, in Stephentown, New York. The guide was written by Riggs; Paul D. Curtis, Cornell Cooperative Extension; Kathryne L. Everts, University of Maryland (joint appointment with the University of Delaware); Roberta J. Glatz, Feura Bush, New York; Stephen E. Hadcock, Cornell Cooperative Extension; Michael P. Hoffmann, Cornell University; John C. Howell, UMass Extension; Charles A. McClurg, University of Maryland; Margaret Tuttle McGrath, Cornell University; Roger D. Morse, Cornell University (deceased); Stephen Reiners, Cornell University; Richard W. Robinson, Cornell University; Robert (Bob) Rouse, University of Maryland; H. Christian Wien, Cornell University; and Thomas A. Zitter, Cornell University.

Acknowledgments

About the Authors

Introduction

Purpose of This Guide
History of This Guide
What's Inside

Chapter 1: The History and Biology of Pumpkins

History of the Pumpkin
Botany and Utilization of Pumpkins

Chapter 2: Soil and Nutrient Management

Physical Properties of Soil
Chemical Properties of Soil
Essential Elements
Cation Exchange Capacity
Base Saturation
Soil pH
Buffer pH
Soil Organic Matter
Site Preparation
Adjusting pH
Adding to Soil Organic Matter
Nutrient Management
Macronutrients
Micronutrients
Fertilizer Guidelines
Foliar Analysis
Organic Fertilizers
Fertigation
Pre-Sidedress Soil Nitrate Test (PSNT)

Chapter 3: Pumpkin Varieties

Giant (Over 50 Pounds)
Extra Large Standard (30-50 Pounds)
Large Standard (15-30 Pounds)
Open-Pollinated Varieties
Hybrid Varieties
Medium Standard (5-15 Pounds)
Small Standard (1-5 Pounds)
Miniature (Less Than 1 Pound)
Specialty
Breeding Disease-Resistant Pumpkins

Chapter 4: Cultural Practices

Plant Establishment
Seeding Rates and Depths
Transplant Production and Use
Spacing
Water Management
Soil Water-Holding Capacity
Methods for Soil Moisture Measurement
Water Management Guidelines
Irrigation
Trickle Irrigation
Growing Pumpkins in a Double-Crop Plasticulture System
Timeline
Seeding
Transplants
Spacing
Fertigation
Weed Control
A Few Cautions
Growing Pumpkins in a Single-Crop Plasticulture System
Growing Pumpkins in a No-Till Production System
Benefits of No-Till
Disadvantages of No-Till
Types of Cover Crops
Water Management
Killing the Cover Crop
Planting
Fertility Management for No-Till
Weed Management for No-Till
Making the System Work

Chapter 5: Flowering, Pollination, and Fruit Set

Flower Development
Flower Opening
Pollination
The Honeybee
The Squash Bee
Fruit Set
Summary

Chapter 6: Weed Management

Reducing Weeds Prior to Planting
Weed Control Using Herbicides
Weed Control Using Cultivation
Stale Seedbed Technique
Weed Control in No-Till Systems
Problem Weeds
Crabgrass
Field Bindweed
Foxtail
Galinsoga
Lambsquarter
Nutsedge
Pigweed
Quackgrass
Ragweed
Velvetleaf

Chapter 7: Disease Management

Key to Identifying Pumpkin Diseases
Fungal Diseases
Alternaria Leaf Blight
Anthracnose
Damping-Off
Downy Mildew
Fusarium Crown and Fruit Rot of Pumpkin and Squash
Gummy Stem Blight and Black Rot
Phytophthora Blight
Plectosporium Blight
Powdery Mildew
Scab
Sclerotinia White Mold
Septoria Leaf Spot
Southern Blight
Bacterial Diseases
Angular Leaf Spot
Bacterial Leaf Spot
Bacterial Wilt
Viral Diseases
Cucumber Mosaic Virus
Papaya Ringspot Virus, Type W
Squash Mosaic Virus
Watermelon Mosaic Virus
Zucchini Yellow Mosaic Virus
Nematodes
Symptoms
Causal Organism and Disease Cycle
Control
Phytoplasma Disease
Aster Yellows

Chapter 8: Insect and Mite Management

Identification of Pests and Life Cycles
Striped and Spotted Cucumber Beetles
Western and Northern Corn Rootworm
Squash Bug
Aphids
Squash Vine Borer
Spider Mites
Seedcorn Maggot
Springtails

Chapter 9: Wildlife Management

Deer
Legal Status
Description of Damage
Damage Management Methods
Woodchucks
Legal Status
Description of Damage
Damage Management Methods
Voles
Damage Management Methods
Mice and Rats in Storage Areas
Description of Damage
Damage Management Methods
Crows
Legal Status
Description of Damage
Damage Management Methods

Chapter 10: Harvest and Postharvest Handling

Characteristics of Mature Pumpkins
Harvesting
Postharvest Handling
Storage
Storage Scenarios
Six Basic Concepts for Maintaining Quality

Chapter 11: Economics of Pumpkin Production

Two Budget Scenarios: Retail and Wholesale
Operating Expenses
Fixed Expenses
Estimating Yields
Calculating Net Income and Break-Even Costs

Chapter 12: Marketing Pumpkins

Customer Relations
Wholesale Marketing
Retail Marketing
U-Pick
Mobile Markets
Farm Stands
Roadside Markets
Farmers' Markets
More Retail Marketing Ideas
Niche Markets
Pumpkins as Works of Art
Pumpkins as Advertising and in Displays
Mail Order and E-Commerce
Community-Supported Agriculture (CSA)

Photographs

Glossary

Conversion Tables

References

Other Books from NRAES

About NRAES

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